2019 Definition of Terms

Disqualify: Removal of an entry from consideration due to non-Conformance to schedule requirements. Entry tag should be marked “not for competition” with reason given, e.g., N.A.S.

Annual: Plants that grow from seed in the early spring, flower in summer and die with the first frost in the fall. Includes tender perennials such as pansies, snapdragons, etc.
Perennial: (Herbaceous) A plant that lives for more than two years, e.g. Peony, Cone Flower, etc. The Stem dies to the ground each fall. Plants from bulbs, corms, tubers and rhizomes are herbaceous perennials, but should be classified separately in show schedules. Note: Shrubs
are woody perennials.
Bloom: An individual flower, one to a stem.
Spike: An upright stem carrying several flowers which are nearly stemless e.g. Gladiolus.
Spray: A spray is the terminal flowering growth of a herbaceous or woody plant carried on one stem. Ideally it would show all forms, e.g. flowers in bloom, buds showing colour, green buds and leaves.
Stalk/Stem: A main plant structure which supports flowers, buds, foliage, leaves, or fruit.
Collection: A specified number of cut flowers, potted plants, branches, fruits, vegetables or nuts, exhibited for cultural perfection.
Vegetable: Oddball vegetable: Unusual size and/or shape of vegetable.

Foliage Design: Design with interest in foliage. Foliage is to predominate. Flowers and fruits may be present but must be inconspicuous.
Miniature Design: Small replicas, in both container and flowers, of a design of a larger size. The design, including container and base should not exceed 5″ (12.7 cm) in any direction.
Small Design:  A design whose dimensions are over 5 1/2″ (12.7 cm) but do not exceed 10″ (25.4 cm) including the container in any direction. Points for designs are given according to:
The organization of elements (Space, Line, Form, Colour, Texture and Pattern) and principles of design (Balance, Rhythm, Proportion, Scale, Contrast and Dominance). Conformance, Creativity, Distinction and Condition.

For more information check the Ontario Judging and Exhibiting Standards for Horticulture and Floral Design (OJES).